a researcher believes that eating all organic foods will...
a researcher believes that eating all organic foods will improve blood pressure. so, the researcher studies groups as their diet is altered. describe the independent variable (treatment variable) and the dependent variable (the variable of interest).
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IV- Their Diet DV- Blood Pressure
You can always think of your IV as the variable that's gonna "change" and your DV will be "measured". So ask yourself what's being changed, and measured?
Well we can infer that blood pressure is what the researcher is measuring. We know this because his whole goal in the experiment is to see a change.
And IV we can infer will be what's changing. I believe their diet would be what's changing.
I hope this helps! Try and use the replacement words for the IV and DV, they help a lot!!
Thanks for letting me help!!
he purpose of all research is to describe and explain variance in the world. variance is simply the difference; that is, variation that occurs naturally in the world or change that we create as a result of a manipulation. variables are names that are given to the variance we wish to explain.
a variable is either a result of some force or is itself the force that causes a change in another variable. in experiments, these are called dependent and independent variables respectively.
independent variable (iv) investigator manipulates affects dependent variable (dv) participants' response depends on the manipulation
independent variable: group a - treatment with active medication, group b - treatment with placebo (inactive medication), arrows pointng to dependent variable: participant responsewhen a researcher gives an active medication to one group of people and a placebo, or inactive medication, to another group of people, the independent variable is the medication treatment. each person's response to the active medication or placebo is called the dependent variable.
this could be many things depending upon what the medication is for, such as high blood pressure or muscle pain. therefore, in experiments, a researcher manipulates an independent variable to determine if it causes a change in the dependent variable.
as we learned earlier in a descriptive study, variables are not manipulated. they are observed as they naturally occur and then associations between variables are studied. in a way, all the variables in descriptive studies are dependent variables because they are studied in relation to all the other variables that exist in the setting where the research is taking place. however, in descriptive studies, variables are not discussed using the terms "independent" or "dependent." instead, the names of the variables are used when discussing the study. for example, there is more diabetes in people of native american heritage than people who come from eastern europe. in a descriptive study, the researcher would examine how diabetes (a variable) is related to a person's genetic heritage (another variable).
definition: a variable is either a result of some force or it is the force that causes a change in another variable. in experiments, these are called dependent and independent variables respectively.
case examples for independent and dependent variables
music in an experimental study looking at classical music exposure and reading ability in children, the researcher divided the children into two groups (groups a and b). in group a, the children listened to mozart for one hour every day for one month. in group b, parents were instructed to refrain from playing classical music around the child for one month. at the end of the month, all children were given a reading comprehension test. those who listened to mozart daily (group a) scored significantly higher on the reading test. in this case, the reading comprehension test score is the dependent variable and exposure to mozart’s music is the independent variable. this is because the test score is dependent on whether or not the child listens to mozart’s music. the independent variable, exposure to mozart’s music, is independent because it is something that can be manipulated or changed by the researcher.
nutrition in a study with a similar design as the previous example, researchers looked at the effects of nutrition on reading ability. in group a, children ate at least three ounces of dark green vegetables every day for one month. in group b, children were fed their regular diet. at the end of the month, the children took a reading comprehension test. those who ate the green vegetables every day for one month (group a) did not vary in their test scores when compared to group b.
a researcher believes that eating all organic foods will improve blood pressure. so,...