Creates and passes laws: Legislative Branch. The Legislative Branch creates and passes laws, while the Executive Branch enforces them.
Declares laws unconstitutional: Other Branches. The Judicial Branch reviews laws, along with different presidential actions, and decides whether they are unconstitutional or not.
Enforce laws: Other Branches. As I stated above, the Executive Branch is the one that enforces the laws.
Ratify treaties: Legislative Branch. The Senate in the Legislative Branch is a big part of ratifying treaties. The Vice President along with the House of Representatives also must have a say in ratifying treaties.
Impeachment: Legislative Branch. Both the Senate and the House of Representatives have to do with the impeachment process. The impeachment inquiry is made by the House of Representatives, then brought out and voted on by the Senate.
Negotiate treaties: Other Branches. The Executive Branch, which includes the Vice President, will negotiate treaties, while the Legislative Branch ratifies them, as I stated above.
Veto bills: Other Branches. While the Legislative Branch creates laws, the Executive Branch has the power to veto them. The President that is in the Executive Branch can use a Presidential Veto, but the Legislative Branch can override that if necessary.
this means that germany had to pay the allied countries. reparations are/is essentially payment for something that they have done wrong, so after ww1, germany was forced to pay reparations so they could replenish the allied countries resources' that they had lost during the war.
freedom of speech is also protected by the 1 amendment.
here is pretty much what the 1st amendment says:
congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.