Read the excerpt from "save the redwoods." in the course of my explorations...
A). It establishes the credibility of the author.
There are numerous appeals(emotional, logical, ethical) employed by authors to establish their credibility and convince the audience to believe in the claims offered by them.
As per the question, the appeal in the excerpt from "Save the Redwoods" mainly functions to 'establish the credibility of the author' it substantiates the author's claims significantly. The events and experiences offered by the author in this excerpt enhance the reliability of the author's central claim to 'Save the redwoods' among the audience. Thus, option A is the correct answer.
The given excerpt is written by John Muir. John Muir had been an influential activist and had worked to preserve many wilderness areas for instance, Sequoia National Park.
In the given excerpt, the type of appeal that Muir made is 'Ethos' or 'an appeal to ethics or author's credibility'.
Ethos or 'an appeal to author's credibility' is one of the mode of persuasion.
The one who presented this idea of 'mode of persuasion' is Aristotle. According to him, a speaker influences his audience or appeals to his audience in three ways, namely, 'ethos', 'pathos', and 'logos'.
Ethos or an appeal to 'ethics' or 'author's credibility' is the method of persuasion in which speaker's audience gets to know about the speaker's or author's credibility or how much the speaker knows about the topic he is speaking about.
In the given excerpt Muir's audience can clearly identify that he has knowledge about what he acknowledging in his speech or can identify the credibility of the author. So, the correct option is A.
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