Charles darwin hypothesized that some individuals would be better equipped...
Darwin formulated the hypothesis that some individuals would be better equipped for survival than others and that those who were less equipped would not survive on the work of famous economist and scholar Thomas Robert Malthus.
Darwin was very much influenced by Thomas Malthus who said that population growth would always overpower food supply growth, creating perpetual states of hunger, disease, and struggle and survival which caught the attention of Darwin and thus formulated his above hypothesis.
The answer is B. Thomas Malthus, who studied population growth.
Thomas Malthus, who studied population growth.
Thomas Malthus was an English scholar. He is particularly well-known because of his studies on population growth. He realized that, when food production in a nation improved, population tended to go up. However, this change did not last long, as population growth restored the original per capita production level. Therefore, instead of using surplus for improving standards of living, humans tend to use it to increase population. These conclusions were carefully studied by Darwin, and they helped him develop his own theories on natural selection.